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Lots | A Lot for Evil: The Hellenistic Lot of Affliction, Injury, and Crisis

With this having been established, it is necessary to prove by experience <the effectiveness of> still another place which I will demonstrate most abundantly: this is the Crisis-Producing Place, the place causative of terrors, dangers, and chains. Consequently this place is strong; (Vettius Valens, Anthologies, Book V, Ch. 1, Riley trans., 2010, p. 95)

The Lot of Affliction

In my last post I provided a very thorough introduction to the lots, using the four principal lots to which Vettius Valens attributed particularly special importance.  I recommend reading, or at least skimming, that article before proceeding.

In that last article I focused on the most important four lots in the chart, which pertain to two polarities.  There is the more static polarity of physical (Fortune) condition vs. “spiritual”/abstract (Spirit) condition, and the more dynamic polarity of attractive interpersonal matters (Love) vs. adversarial interpersonal matters (Necessity). I also touched on the rationale of the lots, namely that there is a metaphorical sense of moving from the significations of the starting planet to those of the ending planet.

While those 4 lots are the most important, there is a fifth lot that I also consider to be exceptionally important.  Together with the four lots previously discussed, these five lots represent what I feel are the five most indispensable lots in ancient astrological literature.  In other words, if you use only 5 lots, use these!

The fifth lot is the most sinister lot you can construct out of two classical planets, and it is mentioned by many ancient sources and given various names.  It is referred to as the Lot of Injury or Chronic Illness by Dorotheus of the 1st century CE (Carmen Astrologicum, Book IV, Ch. 1, #75), the place producing crises and accusations by Valens of the 2nd century CE (Anthology, Book V, Ch. 1), and the house of affliction and illness by Maternus of the 4th century CE (Mathesis, Book VI, Ch. 32, #40).

Think back to the rationale discussed earlier for the lots.  When constructing this lot, we use the same rationale.  In this case we have a metaphor for things going from bad to worse, from the sect malefic to the out-of-sect malefic (projected from the Ascendant).  Therefore, for one born during the day the lot is the distance from Saturn (the more benign malefic by day as it is of the diurnal sect) to Mars  (the more aggravating malefic by day because it is nocturnal), then projected from the Ascendant. It is reversed for night charts (those with the Sun below the horizon), such that you take the distance from Saturn to Mars and then project that from the Ascendant.

Valens describes the interpretation of the lot at great length in the beginning of Book V of the Anthology.  He connects it chiefly with imprisonment and servitude, whether social, such as incarceration, or physical, such as a debilitating illness.  Even mental afflictions, such as anxieties and a bad conscience, and social afflictions, like betrayal, are possible under this lot.  When eased by the influence of benefics it may still show burdensome obligations, such as heavy debts, military service, required attendance with something one loathes (e.g. mandatory community service), and so forth.  In any sense this lot signifies the most undesirable states of affairs.  I will refer to this lot as the Lot of Affliction.

Usage in Predicting Crises

There is first a general natal analysis concerning this place of Affliction (these analytical guidelines are from Valens).  If it is ruled by, occupied by, or strongly aspected by a malefic, then that shows vulnerability to afflictions signified by the influential planet and/or sign, while benefic influences serve as alleviation or escape.

Additionally, Valens combines this with another type analysis that signals general vulnerability to crises.  When the Sun and/or Moon are in a whole sign sextile to Mars and/or Saturn it signifies vulnerability to crises in the life.  This is intensified if the sextile is within 70 degrees and/or between the hearing signs. Presumably a greater number of sextile configurations there are between the Lights and the malefics shows more potential for crises.

Prediction of when the crisis will occur is made by using various chronocrator techniques which are discussed in Book IV of Valens.  Danger is shown when a Light (i.e. the Sun or Moon) transmits to a malefic (i.e. Mars or Saturn) or a malefic to a Light.  When it comes to the yearly chronocratorship (i.e. Valens-style profections), then the way I understand Valens is that the period of crisis is indicated when a malefic transmits to a light or a light to a malefic.  For instance, in terms of annual profections this occurs when the Sign occupied by the Sun in the chart profects to a sign ruled by Mars or Saturn (transmission typically occurs either when one planet profects to the place occupied by the other planet, or when it profects to an empty place ruled by the other planet; but in this analysis Valens emphasizes the ruler).  Again, when doing these chronocratorships, the influence of the benefics in the place or in strong aspect provides alleviation or escape.  The worst, most full-blown crises occur when a greater chronocratorship and an annual one of this sort (i.e. Light-to-malefic or malefic-to-Light) occur at the same time.

While in profections the transmission is from the natal to the ruler of the profection destination, in chronocrator (time lord) techniques of Valens the transmitter is the time lord of the larger period and the transmission is to the time lord of the smaller period. For instance, if a planet ruling the year is the Sun, while the one ruling the month is Mars, then it is a transmission of the Sun to Mars.

Effect of Basis

Nativities with a very strong “basis” (great personal strength and leadership) and those sets of such difficult chronocratorships that have benefics influencing matters tend toward more social or figurative crises, or to tending to prisoners and so forth (in a similar vein I’ve noticed this type of thing when people have activations of benefics in bad places, where one deals with those who are afflicted and is not necessarily afflicted oneself).  If there is not significant basis signified, then the crisis is likely to be more difficult.

Natal Lot of Affliction Examples

Dahmer’s tight conjunction of the lots of Affliction and Love is interesting, particularly as it is ruled by Saturn, and with both Saturn and Jupiter, two planets which Dahmer identified with (both have dignity at the Ascendant).  Both lots are very closely square to Dahmer’s Mars also (especially the Lot of Affliction which Mars aspects within 2 degrees).  Dahmer started relationships with his victims before he would torture, kill, mutilate, and eat them.  His first killing was impulsive and due to a desire to sleep with a hitchhiker he had picked up.  That killing occurred during an annual profection of his Ascendant to his Moon-Mars conjunction in the 7th, ruled by Mars.  He did not kill again until 9 years later, at age 27, kicking off sporadic serial killings that year, with the annual profection of his Ascendant to the 4th, the place of Affliction (and the Lot of Love), ruled by (and occupied by) Saturn, and squared by Mars and the Moon. The fact that the serial killing started in the year of the annual profection to the place of both the lot of affliction, and the lot of love, with both lots strongly linked with each other, is very illustrative, as he has admitted in interviews that renewed intense desires that were awoken in him at this time inspired the killings.

Dahmer's Natal Chart with Lots
Dahmer’s Natal Chart with Lots

David Carradine’s Lot of Affliction was in the 8th house, in Libra, ruled by Venus, adhering to Carradine’s Mars and with his Moon also (Mars-Moon conjunctions can carry significance related to bodily harm).

Carradine's Natal Chart with Lots
Carradine’s Natal Chart with Lots

Prediction Example

In this prediction example I’m going employ a few predictive techniques discussed by Valens that I have not previously introduced on the blog.  Here I will keep my explanation of the techniques rather short so I can focus on the relevance of Affliction.  These techniques will be explained in some future posts.

General Vulnerability in the Natal Chart

The chart of an Anonymous friend is provided below for examination (CTRL+Click to enlarge in a new tab).

Anonymous

Notice that the chart has the Sun above the horizon, so Saturn is in sect and Mars is out of sect.  The distance from Saturn to Mars is about 91.5 degrees in the zodiacal order.  Adding that to the Ascendant of just under 4 degrees Aquarius brings us to 5 degrees Taurus.

Affliction is not in very bad condition in this natal chart.  It is ruled by Venus and in the bound of Venus.  There are no malefics located in the place, opposing it, or squaring it.  Saturn doesn’t even regard the place, and Mars does not scrutinize the lot, though Mars almost does, as Mars is in a superior trine to the lot which is just over 4 degrees from perfect (within 3 would be scrutinizing).  So for the most part we don’t read a major affliction into the lot, but if we were going to describe a particularly vulnerable area it would probably pertain to Taurus, Venus, and the 4th house, so we might expect that matters pertaining to the home, family, and particularly significant women could take on special significance.

However, the other sign of vulnerability is very apparent.  The Moon is in a scrutinizing sextile with Mars, while the Sun is also in a pretty close sextile to Saturn.  Hearing signs are not involved but these are pretty close sextiles and each Light is in such a configuration.  However, this situation is at least alleviated by the fact that the Moon is in close conjunction with the benefic Venus and Saturn is in close conjunction with the benefic Jupiter, therefore the benefics have a very strong alleviating impact on these promises of affliction.

At age 27, a string of unfortunate events happened to the native.  His spouse intentionally blew the family savings and maxed out the credit cards as a personal attack, he got divorced ending a 10 year relationship, he slowly went out of business due to lack of work caused by a major global financial crisis, he lost both a mortgaged home as well as a rental, and moved back to his parents home with his 2 children after having been independent for the prior 8 years.  You will notice that many of these themes (aggression from women, marital problems, family, real estate) relate very directly to the place of Affliction and its primary associations with Venus and the 4th place.

Timing: Major Period by the Quarters Technique

Now, let’s look at the predictive techniques. One predictive technique that Valens discussed right at the beginning of Book IV, and then returned to at the end of Book IV, utilizes the 1/4 values of the minor years of the planets, so I have personally called it Valens Quarters or just the Quarters.

There is a major and a minor period.  The major period begins with the first planet after (in zodiacal order) the point of the prenatal syzygy (New or Full Moon most nearly preceding the birth) in the chart in zodiacal order.  For instance, in our example chart the Moon is waning so it was a Full Moon that preceded the birth.  That Full Moon, or prenatal syzygy, was located at 0 Gemini.  The first planet that one encounters moving from 0 Gemini up through the zodiac in order is Jupiter at 6 Libra, and if we continue then it would be Saturn, and then the Moon, and so forth.  Therefore, Jupiter gets the first major period, ruling for a quarter of its minor years (12), which is 3 years, then Saturn for 7.5 years (i.e. until age 10.5), then the Moon for 6.25 years (i.e. until age 16.75), then Venus for 2 years (i.e. until age 18.75), then Mercury for 5 years (i.e. until age 23.75), then the Sun for 4.75 years (i.e. until age 28.5).

The events under consideration occurred while the native was 27 years old, in the middle of the native’s 28th year, so the Sun ruled the major period.

Timing: Minor Period by the Quarters Technique

To find the minor period in the Quarters technique we start with the ruler of the major period and we take the days of the planets (I’ve addressed them previously here), multiplying them by the length of the period in years to determine the number of days for each planet, with the rulership again passing in zodiacal order around the chart.  At the end of Book IV Valens provides convenient tables with the amount of days each planet gets under each period.  The Sun minor period started when the native was age 23.75 and ended when the native was 28.5, with the event occurring when the native was 27.5.  It will be easier to work backwards, one year from the end of the major period, knowing that Mercury would be the last planet in sequence by zodiacal order.  During a solar major period Mercury gets just over 269 days, this is less than a year and the major event took place over the last couple days in May thru June 1st, so we need to go a whole year back.  Prior to Mercury is Venus for almost 108 days.  That period will be inclusive of the days in question.  Therefore, the minor period at the time of the event was that of Venus.

In this case the period of crisis does not fall under a major time lord period in which the a Light transmitted to a malefic (nor vice-versa) as Valens instructed.  Here we have the Sun transmitting to Venus.

Zodiacal Releasing

Zodiacal Releasing also involves a transmitter and a receiver, the ruler of the sign of the Level 1 releasing transmits to the ruler of the sign of the Level 2 releasing (you can also do this for Level 2 lord transmitting to Level 3 lord, and Level 3 lord transmitting to Level 4 lord).  Interestingly, in his discussion of these transmissions Valens identifies those of Lights transmitting to malefics as particularly bad, but those of malefics transmitting to Lights as good (contradictory to some interpretive guidelines he provides in Book V).

Looking at releasing from Fortune, for Level 1 we start with Fortune’s natal sign, Capricorn, which gets 27 years (typically the minor years of the planetary ruler, but Capricorn is an exception at 27 – note: these are Egyptian 360 day years).  We would expect that Level 1 moved into Aquarius shortly before this happened, which is the case.  The first Level 2 period in Aquarius would last for 30 months (note: these are 1/12 the Egyptian 360 day year, so they are exactly 30 day months).  Therefore, both Level 1 and Level 2 were Aquarius for the releasing of Fortune, signifying a transmission from Saturn to Saturn. Taking things down to Level 3 and Level 4 for the actual set of a few days in which the financial attacks by the spouse were discovered, the spouse requested a divorce, and the native moved back with family, gives us Leo for L3 and Aquarius for L4.  Therefore, a more complete picture of those days is Saturn transmitting to Saturn (L1 to L2), which transmitted to the Sun (L3), which transmitted to Saturn (L4).

Looking at releasing from Spirit, for Level 1 we start with Spirit’s natal sign, Pisces, ruled by Jupiter which gets 12 years, then the next sign, Aries, and its ruler, Mars, which gets 15 years.  Therefore, at about age 27 Level 1 Spirit moves to Taurus, ruled by Venus, where it would be for the next 8 years.  This is interesting given that Taurus is the place of Affliction and Spirit refers to professional and social changes, which in this case were beset with crises.  Still, Level 1 is neither a Light nor a malefic.  Level 2 also changed to Gemini, ruled by Mercury, just before things went downhill fast.  Therefore the transmission is from Venus to Mercury. For the tumultuous days, L3 for Spirit was Cancer, ruled by the Moon, and L4 was Aquarius, ruled by Saturn.  So the transmission was Venus (L1) to Mercury (L2), to the Moon (L3), to Saturn (L4).  This intensifies the sense of a Light to a malefic, not for the greater periods but for that short set of about 3 days.

Profections

Finally, we want to examine the annual profections, paying special attention to those of the Lights and the malefics.  First, it is best to look at the profection of the Ascendant, which is typically used to establish the Lord of the Year and the activated sign.  At age 27 everything profects to the 4th house from itself, so the annual profection of the Ascendant was interestingly to Taurus, the 4th place, the place of Affliction, ruled by Venus.

As we noted earlier, when looking at profections of the Lights and malefics in this technique we are particularly interested in transmission by rulership.  The Sun profects to Pisces, so it transmits to Jupiter.  Mars profects to Aries, so it transmits to itself.  Saturn transmits to Capricorn, so it also transmits to itself.  The Moon, however, profects to Aquarius, so it transmits to Saturn.  Therefore, the crisis did occur during a time when a Light made an annual transmission to a malefic by rulership.

Predictive Summary

Let’s recap the predictive technique findings:

  1. Quarters: Sun transmits to Venus
  2. Annual profections: Ascendant transmits to Affliction (and Venus).
  3. Annual profections: Moon and Venus transmit to Saturn.
  4. Months Fortune releasing: Saturn transmits to the Sun.
  5. Days Fortune releasing: The Sun transmits to Saturn.
  6. Days Spirit releasing: The Moon transmits to Saturn.
  7. Additionally the Moon was transiting in Taurus, the place of Affliction, during the most pivotal two and a half days of the crisis period.

While this is just a single example, we can see that Affliction merits further exploration, as does the special technique which Valens provided for evaluating and timing periods of substantial crisis and hardship.

Conclusion

Affliction or Injury is an interesting lot because it brings the topic of misfortune to a place in the natal chart where you might not have expected it.  It’s a very important addition to an astrologer’s arsenal of lots which should not be overlooked.  Valens has provided interesting and unique insights into how one may use the lot of affliction with predictive factors to forecast periods of great hardship or general malevolence.  I hope you’ll take up the ongoing work of researching these lots and techniques by putting them on your charts.

 

References

Valens, V. (2010). Anthologies. (M. Riley, Trans.) (Online PDF.). World Wide Web: Mark Riley. Retrieved from http://www.csus.edu/indiv/r/rileymt/Vettius%20Valens%20entire.pdf

Twelfth-Parts | 3. Dahmer, Turner, and Dignity Revisited

Introduction

In the last couple posts I’ve discussed the use of the twelfth-parts, also known as the dodecatemoria or to some, simply the duads/dwads.  Please quickly read over the first post and the second post on twelfth parts before continuing.  In this and a series of future posts, I’ll be revisiting analyses from prior posts and adding to them with information from the dodecatemoria positions.

The Curious Case of Jeffrey Dahmer and Ted Turner

In many of the posts on dignity, I pointed out the folly in relying on sign-based dignity in evaluating the benefic or malefic associations of a planet.  The first of such posts compared the chart of Jeffrey Dahmer (click here to read it), who had a whopping 4 planets in domicile, with only 2 peregrine and only 1 in fall, with that of Ted Turner, who has no planets in domicile or exaltation, 1 planet in fall, 3 planets in “detriment” (detriment was not an actual concept in itself in Hellenistic astrology, the way that fall, domicile, exaltation, and such were, so I don’t agree with its use), 2 planets peregrine, and only 1 planet with what an astrologer using the weighted dignity system (which was invented by a Perso-Arabic astrologer nearly a millenium into the tradition) would call “a positive dignity score”.

I found Dahmer and Turner to be the perfect minimal pair for explaining the trouble with dignity, not just in terms of beneficence and maleficence, but also for strength.  I do use some sign-based significations like domicile, exaltation, fall, triplicity, and bound, for strength myself, but I tend to put less stress on those dignity-oriented significations than I place on advancing/retreating, being in a stake, stations, phasis, and relationship to the lights (including being in a domicile of a light).  Obviously, Dahmer’s life was not filled with more joy, goodness, and positive productivity than that of Turner, as might be expected if dignity pertained to beneficence and maleficence.  Similarly, while Manetho, Maternus, and other Hellenistic astrologers suggested that one’s stature and power depend to a great deal on the number of planets in domicile in one’s chart, it is clear that this also cannot be the case, as we would expect the lack of dignity in Turner’s chart to suggest he is very much held back, while we would suggest that Dahmer has immense social mobility.  Therefore, while I believe that being in domicile, exaltation, triplicity, or bound is strengthening and reinforcing of a planet, it is obvious folly to depend too heavily on dignity for planetary strength and particularly for evaluating social status and mobility.

Enter Twelfth-Parts

With the above said, it is interesting that the twelfth-parts tend to reveal much more strength and beneficence in Turner’s chart, including strength attributable to sign based dignity, while the twelfth-parts reveal additional weakness and maleficence in Dahmer’s chart.

Ted Turner's Natal Chart with Twelfth-Parts on Outside of Wheel
Ted Turner’s Natal Chart with Twelfth-Parts on Outside of Wheel

The 3 planets in “detriment” in Turner’s natal chart shift to being in their own domiciles in the twelfth-parts, and Saturn in fall shifts to being in “detriment” (actually into being in triplicity and the sign of the sect light, as detriment is a spurious label in my opinion – being in triplicity and in a sign of a light, especially the sect light is quite strengthening).  Additionally, the Sun, which was peregrine and retreating in the 12th, in a sign of Mars and the bound of Saturn, ends up in the 10th with the Moon, in a sign of Mercury and the bound of Jupiter.  Both lights being in the 10th provides a very strong indication of attaining power and influence, and generally being socially mobile. Additionally, the twelfth-part of the sect benefic, Jupiter, falls into the 12th of the natal chart which is the place of the Sun and Fortune (as well as Venus), indicating fortunate circumstances very strongly.  The other benefic, Venus, lands in the 11th, her domicile, the place of the Moon (and Mars).  Thus both benefic twelfth-parts occupy the places of the lights; very fortunate!

Dahmer's Natal Chart with Twelfth-Parts along Outside of Wheel
Dahmer’s Natal Chart with Twelfth-Parts along Outside of Wheel

We find the opposite type of thing happening with Dahmer’s chart when we look at the twelfth-parts.  We go from 4 planets in domicile and 1 in fall to 3 twelfth-part planets in fall (and 1 in “detriment”), while no twelfth-parts are in domicile or exaltation.  Additionally, the twelfth-part of Mars, in fall, occupies the powerful 10th place, square to its natal position, thus increasing its malice (see quote in last post referring to twelfth-parts that square or oppose their natal positions).  Mars-Moon combinations, such as the one in the natal chart, have significations that relate to bodily violence, and the twelfth-part of Mars in the sign of the Moon, and square to the natal Moon and Mars further accentuates this signification, as does the occurrence of the twelfth-part of the Moon in Scorpio, a domicile of Mars, in the bound of Saturn (significator of death), and in the 2nd place (one of the dark places).  The Moon is relevant for character, especially in terms of irrational impulses and instincts, as Ptolemy identified it with the irrational part of the soul (see Tetrabiblos, Book III, Ch. 13).  While the Ascendant and Mercury, two of a handful of factors relevant for character delineation, are in the bounds of Jupiter in the natal chart, their twelfth-parts are in bounds of Saturn, and the twelfth-part of Mercury is additionally with the twelfth-part of Saturn in the 11th, pertaining to friends and networking.  Additionally, the ruler of the Ascendant, the twelfth-part of the Ascendant, and the ruler of the twelfth-part of the Ascendant are also very important for character.  We find the ruler of the Ascendant, Venus, to be in the 8th pertaining to death, fear, and harm, in the bound of Saturn, and we find the twelfth-part of the Ascendant in that same place and bound, ruled by Venus, thus piling three important character significators into the bound of Saturn, planet of death, in the 8th place, the place of death, ruled by and occupied by Venus, planet of sexuality.

Conclusion

Twelfth-parts give very important additional information about planets and points in the natal chart.  While dignity is not the most important factor in planetary strength, we see that it can play a role in strength so long as we are diligent enough to examine both natal and twelfth-part positions.  The ancients stressed how the twelfth-parts are responsible for major modulations in planetary signification within a sign that would be missed from looking at the natal chart alone.  In this sense, perhaps dignity relating to twelfth-part positions is even more important than that related to natal positions, but more work would have to be done researching in this area to be sure.  In any case, the twelfth-parts positions reinforce or contradict significations in the natal chart, helping us to sort the wheat from the chaff.

Twelfth-Parts | 1. Introducing the Dodecatemory of the Signs

Pray examine now a matter trivial in appearance, yet one of great moment, which does not permit description of itself save by a Greek word.  I speak of the dodecatemories, of which the name proclaims the principle.  The signs each consist of thirty degrees, and every total is further divided by twice six; the calculation therefore shows that in each division there are two and a half degrees.    (Manilius, Book 2, 693-700, Goold trans., 1977, p. 137)

What are the Twelfth-Parts?

The twelfth-parts, also known as dodecatemory/dodekatemoria or duodena/duodecimae (or dwad, short for dwadashama, in Indian astrology), appear in the earliest strains of Hellenistic astrology.  As the 1st Century CE astrologer, Manilius, explained in the quote above, the twelfth-parts are divisions of each astrological sign into 12 equal parts, each one assigned a zodiacal sign beginning with the greater sign itself.  Some authors, including Manilius, give two ways to calculate these (both leading to the same result).  One way is to think of the first 2.5° as belonging to the sign itself, the second to the next sign, and so on until you get to the last 2.5° which belongs to the sign that precedes the sign it’s in.  For instance, if Mercury were found at 28° Scorpio, then it would be in the last 2.5° of the sign, and thus its twelfth-part would be Libra.  For greater accuracy, the second method is used, in which we take the degrees and minutes of the position within the sign and multiply by 12, then add that many degrees to the beginning of the sign the planet is in.  For instance, with Mercury at exactly 28°00′ Scorpio, we would take 28 and multiply it by 12, yielding 336, then we would add this to the beginning of the sign Scorpio, so 30 would bring us to Sagittarius, 60 to Capricorn, 90 to Aquarius, and so on until we get to Libra with 6 degrees left over; the twelfth-part of Mercury would therefore be 6°00′ Libra in this case.

The FREE, open-source, traditional astrology program, Morinus, is soon to have twelfth-part calculation built-in.  Some of the developers of the program have been very kind to me and have given me the chance to check out this functionality.  It is great to have a program that can lay out the twelfth-part positions quickly and visually, because as we’ll see, these positions are informative and early astrologers placed importance on them.

There are two other quick notes about calculation.  First, Manilius asserted that the twelfth-parts are further divided into 5 segments of half a degree each, assigned to the five non-luminary planets, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, and Mercury (see Manilius, Astronomica, Book 2, 738-748).  However, Manilius didn’t specify the order that the planets are assigned to these subdivisions.  Typically, the Chaldean order, either from slowest to swiftest (Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, Mercury) or the reverse (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn) is suggested.  While the first one of these orders is certainly the most logical, supported by the use of such order in many other types of zodiacal division from decan to monomoiria, we can’t be sure, and I don’t use these subdivisions myself in practice.

Secondly, Paulus Alexandrinus (4th Century CE) gives an idiosyncratic variety of twelfth-parts, which seems most likely to be in error, as he multiplies the position by 13, rather than by 12.  He gives a paragraph explaining his justification for multiplying by 13 rather than 12, but there isn’t much logical sense in the explanation, in my opinion, and it seems to suggest that he feels a need to justify why he is doing things against the norm in his work, giving recognition to the fact that multiplication by 12 is the typical (and logical) approach to the twelfth-parts.  Paulus seemed to imply that multiplication by 13 was necessary to allow the 12th parts to come back to the sign that the planet is in, but this is hardly a noteworthy argument, as the first 2.5° of the sign already fall to that same sign in the standard system. In the commentary on Paulus by Olympiodorus the Younger (6th Century CE), he found it necessary to explain the more typical form of twelfth-part first to preface the discussion, then explain the idiosyncratic Paulean form. As far as I know, this idiosyncratic form of twelfth-part is both an innovation of Paulus (which he appeared rather proud of) and used by Paulus only, so I will not pursue it further here.

And we say: the ancient Egyptians used to call it the 12th part, since the number is found in the position of each star multiplied by 12.  However Paulus, having come later and examined the matter closely, [said] that the multiplication by 12 is never returned to the same zoidion where the star is, where we seek the dodekatemorion — but often the dodekatemorion of the star happens to fall in the same zoidion where the star is.   (Olympiodorus, Commentary on Paulus Alexandrinus, Ch. 21, Greenbaum trans., 2001, p. 102)

Who Used the Twelfth-Parts?

In addition to Manilius, the twelfth-parts discussed (i.e. the one in the method of Manilius, not of Paulus) were also used by almost every Hellenistic astrologer, including Dorotheus of Sidon (1st Century CE) in Book I, Ch. 8 and other sections of Carmen, Ptolemy (2nd Century CE) in Book I, Ch. 22 of the Tetrabiblos, Vettius Valens (2nd Century CE) in multiple sections of his Anthology, Julius Firmicus Maternus (4th Century CE) in Book II, Ch. 17, and many other sections of his Mathesis, Porphyry of Tyre (3rd Century CE) in Ch. 39 of his Introduction to the Tetrabiblos, Hephaistio of Thebes (5th Century CE) in Book I, Ch. 18 (definitely not explained like the method of Paulus but erroneously identified as such by Rob Hand in the footnotes of the Project Hindsight edition) and in Book III of his Apotelesmatics,  and Rhetorius in Ch. 18 of his Compendium.  The twelfth-parts were also a basic component of astrological technique as practiced by later Persian-Arabic astrologers of the early medieval period (and beyond), including Sahl, Masha’allah, Abu Ma’shar, al-Qabisi, and Abraham Ibn Ezra.

However, the use of the twelfth-parts predates Hellenistic astrology.  The twelfth-parts. like the twelve-sign zodiac itself, have their origins with the Babylonians, who used them in omen lore at least as far back as the 5th century BCE.

How were Twelfth-Parts Used?

The twelfth-parts produce a secondary zodiacal position for each planet and point in the chart, as if each point is projected into an additional hidden zodiacal position.  There are four main senses in which the twelfth-parts are used: 1. Twelfth-part of the Moon gives indications regarding the physical sex of the person, 2. Twelfth-part of the Sun gives indications about Ascendant when it is unknown, 3. Twelfth-part of the Ascendant reveals thoughts/intentions, and 3. Twelfth-part positions give additional information about planetary significations that are on par with the natal positions of the planet. I will briefly explore three of these four uses; for sex, finding the Ascendant, and interpretation of cognition.  However, I want to make it clear to the reader, that I find the last use to be the most fruitful.

Sex of a Person from the Natal Chart

Both Dorotheus (Book I, Ch. 8 of Carmen) and Valens (Book IX, Ch. 8 of Anthology) use the sex of the sign of the twelfth-part of the Moon as having bearing on the sex of the native.  For Dorotheus, the basic idea is that if the Moon’s twelfth-part is in a male sign (i.e. a Fire or Air sign) then the native is male, but if in a female sign (i.e. an Earth or Water sign) then the native is female.  However, there are some exceptions that can override this indication of the sex of the sign of the twelfth-part of the Moon, including: 1. Sun, Moon, and Ascendant are in signs of the opposite sex, 2. the Light of the opposite sex (i.e. Sun is masculine and Moon is feminine) is in the Ascendant in a sign of its same sex, 3. planets of the opposite sex occupy the 1st and the 7th, 4. both Lights are in signs of the opposite sex and a planet of the opposite sex rules the Ascendant (example given is of both Lights in masculine signs and Jupiter ruling the Ascendant, this overriding a feminine twelfth-part of the Moon to indicate a male child).  For Valens, the sex of the sign of the twelfth-part of the Moon and the sex of the sign occupied by that sign’s ruler give strong indications for sex of the child.

Putting this method to the test we find that it works poorly for predicting sex.  For instance, Kurt Cobain has Sun, Moon, and Ascendant all in feminine signs, which would override the fact that the twelfth-part of the Moon in his chart is in Sagittarius, a masculine sign.  Additionally, the ruler of the twelfth-part of the Moon is Jupiter, which is also in a feminine sign.

Cobain's Natal Chart
Cobain’s Natal Chart

However, one might argue that perhaps Dorotheus was wrong, and the twelfth-part of the Moon should be given the primary consideration in this endeavor, without it being easily over-ridden by other factors.  So, let’s turn to the chart of Traci Lords.  Her Ascendant is in a masculine sign but Sun and Moon in feminine signs, while the twelfth-part of the Moon is in a masculine sign, and its ruler, Saturn, is also in a masculine sign.

Traci Lords' Natal Chart
Traci Lords’ Natal Chart

In conclusion, we cannot rely upon the twelfth-part of the Moon methods as set forth by Dorotheus or Valens to guess the sex of a person by the birth chart.  Perhaps Dorotheus and Valens have given us leads for the eventual development of a technique for guessing the sex of an individual from the chart that involves use of twelfth-parts (particularly those of body relevant points such as the Moon, Fortune, and the Ascendant), but so far we don’t have such a technique.

Twelfth-Parts for Finding the Ascendant

Another one of the more spurious uses of the twelfth-parts is to rectify the sign of an individual’s Ascendant when it is unknown.  It is Valens that discussed this use of twelfth-part of the Sun in Book I, Ch. 4 and Book IX, Ch. 7 of his Anthology.  It is but one method of rectification among many explored and elucidated by Valens.  The method, and I may be getting parts of it wrong, appears to involve first knowing if the person was born by day or night and knowing the Sun’s position accurately enough to be able to find the sign of its twelfth-part. After finding the twelfth-part of the Sun’s position, the Ascendant for a day birth will either be the sign opposite that sign, or one trine to that sign, with preference given to the “left” trine (i.e. the one that is 120° after the sign of the twelfth-part of the Sun) – but if it is a night birth, then it will be one of the signs opposite to these, again with the same preference.  For example, if someone was born with the twelfth-part of the Sun in Taurus, then for a day birth the most likely Ascendant would be Virgo, but could also be Scorpio or Capricorn, but if a night birth then the most likely Ascendant would be Pisces, but could also be Taurus or Cancer.  I’m a day birth with the twelfth-part of the Sun in Taurus, and my Ascendant is none of the three relevant signs, nor any of the three signs for night births.  A technique that narrows the Ascending sign to one-fourth of the signs of the chart, and still doesn’t give you an accurate indication is not a very valuable technique, so I won’t explore it further.

Interpretation of Cognition

One of the more fascinating niche uses of twelfth-parts is in the interpretation of cognition, particularly in consultation and horary charts.  This use appears to originate with unknown Indian astrologers and Hephastio of Thebes, and really starts to take off with Masha’allah.  The basic idea is that the twelfth-part of the Ascendant gives indications about the thoughts and intentions of a native or a querent, pertaining to the house of the chart, and the qualities and conditions of that place such as the quality of the sign, its domicile lord, and occupants of the sign.

Dr. Benjamin Dykes explored this use of twelfth-parts in considerable depth in his translation of, and commentary on, Hermann of Carinthia’s “The Search of the Heart“.  I highly recommend this work of Dr. Dykes for those interested in delving into this use of twelfth-parts in greater depth, as he not only explores it in his introduction, translates a work which uses the technique, and provides commentary, but he also includes appendices with further discussion and translations, including the entire 144 significations of each twelfth-part of the Ascendant given by Hephastio in tabular form.

The primary use of this technique in Persian astrology was in anticipating a client’s area of concern from the consultation chart, as well as in horary charts.  This usage appears to have started in Indian and/or Hellenistic use of consultation charts, which preceded, and likely lead to, the development of horary astrology.

Masha’allah in On Hidden Things (see Works of Sahl and Masha’allah translated by Dykes in 2008) suggested that among a number of methods he names, the best method for finding the significator of a querent’s intention in an horary reading is to look at the twelfth-part of the Ascendant.  If a planet is in that place then you look to that place as signifying the person’s intention, whereas if the place is empty then you look to the place of its ruler.  In an example that Masha’allah gave (the exact same example was also given by Hermann of Carinthia centuries later but attributed to the Indians), the Ascendant was the 12th degree of Aries, which has its twelfth-part in Leo, the 5th place from the Ascendant.  Leo was empty in the horary chart and the Sun was in Libra, the 7th, so Masha’allah surmised that the question involved the 5th in the condition of or seeking the 7th, i.e. a child seeking a woman (or seeking the querent’s wife).  Masha’allah said that if the Sun had been in the 6th then it would’ve suggested a question about a sick child, and so forth.  As you can see the stress in this technique is primarily on the significations of the place/house, and that one can combine the significations of the place with its ruler, in the sense of the place being fulfilled by or meeting the condition of the ruler’s place. This is one of a few different techniques given by Masha’allah and later authors for interpreting the intentions of a querent.

Use in Natal Charts

Used with natal charts the technique puts an interesting twist on the idea of personal focus and fulfillment, or even “primary motivation”.  The ruler of the Ascendant shows a particular pull towards a certain place in the natal chart and its accompanying themes and significations.  Similarly, the twelfth-part of the Ascendant and its ruler may reveal a personal emphasis for the individual.

In the next post on twelfth-parts, I’ll explore their use in natal delineation in more depth, drawing heavily on Maternus, who found in twelfth-parts the secret to more accurate delineation.  However, even just looking at the twelfth-part of the Ascendant in natal astrology, we can find some interesting things.

Hitler had the twelfth-part of the Ascendant with the greater malefic Saturn, in the bound of Mercury, in the networking and popularity-oriented 11th House (house of friends), in the sign of leadership, Leo, while its ruler, the Sun, was in the 8th, pertaining to death and harm.  The twelfth-part of Hitler’s Sun is also in the 8th, and its ruler too is in the 8th.  This gives interesting additional valuable information that we can add to our knowledge that his Ascendant lord (Venus) and the sect light of his chart (the Sun) are in the 8th of his natal chart. Using the Masha’allah-style of place combination, we might suggest that he has some intention to achieve a Saturnine standing in groups through death, fear, and destruction, though I think that Leo and the solar element both contribute meaning here, as does the bound of Mercury.

Hitler's Natal Chart
Hitler’s Natal Chart

Looking at Jeffrey Dahmer’s chart we find the twelfth-part of the Ascendant in the 8th of death in the bound of Saturn, conjunct the lord of the Ascendant, which is also the ruler of the twelfth-part, in the exact same bound of Saturn in the 8th.  Therefore, the personal intentions and focus on Saturnine-Venusian, death, fear, and destruction themes are very pronounced.

Dahmer's Natal Chart
Dahmer’s Natal Chart

Start playing around with twelfth-parts in natal, horary, and electional charts (putting the twelfth-part of the Moon in strong and good places is best for elections and recommended by Sahl and others).  Experiment, and if you have any revelations, feel free to share them in the comments.

 

References

Dorotheus of Sidon. (2005). Carmen Astrologicum. (D. Pingree, Trans.). Abingdon, MD: Astrology Center of America.
Manilius, M. (1977). Astronomica. (G. P. Goold, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: Loeb Classical Library.
Paulus Alexandrinus & Olympiodorus. (2001). Late Classical Astrology: Paulus Alexandrinus and Olypiodorus. (D. G. Greenbaum, Trans.). Reston, VA: Arhat.

Character | 1. The Curious Case of Jeffrey Dahmer and Ted Turner Revisited

In an early polemic on the overuse of dignity in traditional astrology, called “The Curious Case of Jeffrey Dahmer and Ted Turner“, I discussed how dignity is definitely not a good indicator of a planet’s tendency towards more positive or negative elements of its significations, taking a quick look at the charts of Jeffrey Dahmer (4 planets in domicile) and Ted Turner (4 planets in fall or detriment) as cogent reminders of how inaccurate the use of dignity for beneficence can be. However, now that we know how little dignity tells us about the “goodness” of planets, and particularly about the goodness and the level of success or social mobility of a person, the question remains as to how one should judge such things.  As one might suspect, these are difficult issues, pertaining to delineation of character, morality, and eminence.  Of those, character is the easiest to delineate, and traditional astrological methods will tell you far more in this regard than modern psych-astrology approaches.  Eminence is a much messier can of worms, and in application of eminence techniques, I often find more relevance in terms of social mobility, than in terms of a pre-ordained hierarchical “rank of fame”, as some traditionalists describe it. Eminence will be explored at some later time.

Let’s look briefly at Dahmer’s and Turner’s charts in terms of character/morality.  Due to constraints of space and time, both analyses must be considerably abbreviated.

Character Basics

Abu’ali on the Lord of the Ascen­dant and Mer­cury: “these sig­nify the mat­ters of the soul, and the morals of the native, just as the Moon and the Ascen­dant sig­nify the body” (The Judg­ment of Nativ­i­ties, Dykes trans., 2009, p. 236). Abu Bakr on the other hand has us look at dom­i­nant plan­ets in the chart, par­tic­u­larly in the 1st or 10th, which I feel is in a similar spirit as “vic­tor of the chart” approaches. Ptolemy looks at Mer­cury for the ratio­nal mind and the Moon for the irra­tional, mir­rored in the modern-day notion of a con­scious and uncon­scious mind.  I should note that overall, in character analysis, I tend not to lean heavily on delineation of the Moon just in herself, or even Mercury as such.  I find the Ascendant Lord(s) and the dominant planet(s) to be the most important starting points of the delineation.

Rather than using all strength/weakness and beneficence/maleficence con­di­tions at my dis­posal in the lit­er­a­ture, I’m going to restrict myself, almost exclu­sively, to those which I find of the most impor­tance for this brief look, which I sum­ma­rized in this post in the sec­tions in which I dis­cuss such things.

Per­son­ally, I rec­og­nize at least 3 dis­tinct types of strength, 1. Vol­ume, which per­tains to the extent a planet pours out its nat­ural sig­ni­fi­ca­tions far beyond its acci­den­tal sig­ni­fi­ca­tions (advancing/retreating, sta­tions, pha­sis, apogee), 2. Stability/Prototypicality which in many ways is less impor­tant than #1 (var­i­ous con­di­tions of con­gruity, includ­ing being in a place of “dig­nity”), 3. Per­ti­nence, which is the rel­e­vance of a planet to a par­tic­u­lar mat­ter, such as a planet in the 1st or one of its stakes, par­tic­u­larly the 10th, being per­ti­nent to char­ac­ter­iz­ing the per­son (nat­u­rally sig­ni­fy­ing some­thing; being in a place, rul­ing a place, or regard­ing a place par­tic­u­larly by oppo­si­tion or right-side square or right-side trine). To me these are very dif­fer­ent from beneficence/maleficence which per­tains more to nat­ural sig­ni­fi­ca­tion, sect, place, and plan­e­tary influence.

Jeffrey Dahmer: Malefics through the Moon and Venus

Note: this particular discussion of Dahmer’s character, and the previous two paragraphs on basic character, are primarily a copy and paste job from remarks I made as to how I’d analyze Dahmer’s character in the comments section of the original post.

I recommend watching this fascinatingly candid interview with Dahmer in which he discusses the impetus of his actions.

Ruler of 1st (Com­monly used because of acci­den­tal sig­nif­i­cance, includ­ing by Masha’allah in On Nativ­i­ties, and Abu’ali in The Judg­ment of Nativ­i­ties, among many):

Dahmer's Natal Chart (outer wheel positions are twelfth-parts)
Dahmer’s Natal Chart (outer wheel positions are twelfth-parts)

Venus, a natural benefic, pertaining to beauty, sensuality, and pleasure is made malefic by being out of sect, in the 8th place, regarded on the right-side most closely by Sat­urn (by trine) in the 4th. Sat­urn is the dom­i­nant plan­e­tary influ­ence over Venus, as she is over­come by Sat­urn and in Saturn’s bound (bound ruler of the Ascen­dant Lord is very impor­tant to Masha’allah, in show­ing the native’s involve­ment in some­thing), while Sat­urn, planet of death and the macabre, is in the 4th which has sig­ni­fi­ca­tions related to the dead and buried things, and rein­forces the sig­ni­fi­ca­tions of death and harm of the 8th. That Venus does not regard the Ascen­dant is sig­nif­i­cant, putting the native in con­nec­tion with hid­den or dark ele­ments of life (not nec­es­sar­ily in itself mak­ing the native immoral, as it is com­mon for instance for those involved in social reform and the prison sys­tems, etc. to have the ruler of the 1st in the 6th or 12th, and for those involved in lend­ing and insur­ance to have it in the 8th, depending on the types of sig­ni­fi­ca­tions rein­forced). It also prompts us to look more closely at the influ­ence of other rulers, espe­cially Sat­urn which is the exal­ta­tion and first trip­lic­ity ruler. Sat­urn is in the 4th, and retreat­ing (make it more per­sonal, less pub­lic, but very sig­nif­i­cant by being in a stake), and in the bound of Venus, adding to the sig­nif­i­cant rela­tion­ship between Sat­urn and Venus, the 4th and 8th, in char­ac­ter­iz­ing the native’s per­son­al­ity, i.e. pleasure-seeking, asso­ci­ated with death and dirge, the macabre. Venus made bad, as an impor­tant per­son­al­ity sig­ni­fi­ca­tor, tends to per­tain to shame­less excess. Super­fi­cially, we would think that he’d seem gen­tle, possibly effem­i­nate, some­what depres­sive, and quite shy.

In Dahmer’s case, the Venus in the 8th significations tended toward abuse of alcohol (Venus signifying drinks, made malefic signifying intoxication and harm), compulsive indulgence, and difficult sexuality. He was considered a catch within the gay community and was able to charm and manipulate men into positions where he could harm them. His ultimate motivation for all of his murders was sexual attraction and a desire for sexual possession. The associations of this Venus with death and masculinity are very strong. Venus is not only in the 8th place of death, but is in a very close relationship with Saturn, lord of death and dead things. Venus becomes developmentally activated from the age of 14 to 22, roughly the ages of sexual development. During Dahmer’s adolescence he went from the Mercurial highly curious boy of Mercury in the 9th, to the withdrawn, secretive, Saturnine Venus in the 8th, harboring very vivid sexual fantasies of necrophilia.

Mer­cury (also used by many, includ­ing Masha’allah, Abu’ali, and Ptolemy, among oth­ers):

Mer­cury is not nec­es­sar­ily strong for intel­lect in Virgo or Gem­ini. Mer­cury in a com­mon (i.e. muta­ble) sign, such as Virgo or Gem­ini, was said to sig­nify a small but quick intel­lect, liable to anger, an unstable mind, and with lit­tle per­se­ver­ance, as opposed to the extremely hon­or­able intel­lect of Mer­cury in a fixed sign, and the con­fi­dence, quick grasp, enthu­si­asm, and good-speaking abil­ity of Mer­cury in a move­able (i.e. car­di­nal) sign. This is a rather weak indication though, as there have been a number of great geniuses with Mercury in mutable signs (especially Sagittarius and Pisces due to the positive association with Jupiter signifying gain through intellect).

Dahmer’s Mer­cury is out of sect, and while in a some­what good place, it is apply­ing to Mars, and scru­ti­nized by Mars in a very close appli­ca­tion in which Mars over­come Mer­cury, so there is a vast range with Mer­cury in terms of benefic thru malefic sig­ni­fi­ca­tions. Mer­cury is somewhat weak­ened though, par­tic­u­larly for intel­lec­tual activ­i­ties from the mutability, but also from cadency, and possibly the combustion.

Dahmer was said to be a relatively good student as a youth, though didn’t pursue higher education, and was not an intellectual. Overall, his intellectual abilities were capable enough to allow him to commit murder and cover his tracks over many years, though were particularly maligned. His focus was on deceit, from drugging men at clubs to take advantage of them, to secretly raping, murdering, and even eating men. In a sense, the chart reveals Mercury to be most active as an accomplice of Mars, as it applies to Mars which overcomes it.

The Moon and the Dom­i­nant Planet:

The Moon hap­pens to also be the dom­i­nant planet in the chart, as she is so strongly advanc­ing, adher­ing to the Descen­dant in the same degree. Mars, Sat­urn, and to a much lesser extent, Jupiter, are also quite dom­i­nant by being in the stakes, but the Moon is in a stake and gen­er­ally strong, con­junct the angle. The Moon is the planet sig­ni­fy­ing the irra­tional mind, or subconscious, as well it today.  She has an extremely strong influ­ence in the life, as if broadcasting from a loudspeaker all over the life, and this makes Dahmer particularly attuned to her very subjective, vivid, irrational influences. The Moon is co-p­re­sent with Mars so her sig­ni­fi­ca­tions are mixed with Mars, and accord­ing to Ser­a­pio, the planet in early zodi­a­cal degree not only over­comes by regard, but also when two plan­ets are in the same sign, it also can be dom­i­nant in the rela­tion­ship.  Mars also rules the Moon, which can make it dif­fi­cult to sep­a­rate out these two mar­t­ian influ­ences upon the nature of the Moon’s sig­ni­fi­ca­tions, but in any case, the Moon is strongly influ­enced by Mars. The Moon is in the bound of Mer­cury, but the dom­i­na­tion by Sat­urn in the 4th, which is scru­ti­niz­ing (within 3*) is a much stronger influ­ence. Over­all, through cop­res­ence with, ruler­ship by, dom­i­na­tion, and scru­ti­niza­tion by the malefics, as well as being out of sect (also the 7th is not a very benefic influ­ence), the irra­tional impulses are pulled along malefic, par­tic­u­larly vio­lent and macabre dimensions.

The Moon is in the 7th which pertains to encounters with others, and particularly with partnerships and significant others.  Mars rules and occupies the place, while Saturn dominates the place.  Both Mars and Saturn are in “stakes” and thus very strongly important to the person themselves, but both are retreating, and thus are private, quickly retreating behind the scenes, avoiding any loud broadcasting of their significations, in contrast to the Moon which is blaring a general lunar energy across the life, and particularly predisposed to channeling the significations of Mars and Saturn.

Interestingly, some focal issues in Dahmer’s early life revolved around his mother’s anxiety and combativeness, and the stress that created in his home. His first murder happened just after high school at a time when his mother unexpectedly left him in the house alone for an extended period of time. The Mars-Moon has some symbolism regarding mental illness, particularly anxiety, and very vividly the mother’s anxiety (Mars shows an overload of energy). Mars-Moon also symbolizes Dahmer’s unconscious need (Moon) for violence (Mars) against partners (7th house).

Conclusion: Dahmer is strongly influenced by the Moon, and pulled by Venus, into irrational vivid experiences and sensual indulgence.  The nature of the irrational mind and sense of beauty are colored predominantly by the malefics, with themes of violence and the dead particularly prominent.  The personality is overall phlegmatic’melancholic, somewhat feminine, with a vividly personal and subjective feel characteristic of the Moon. 

Ted Turner: Aggressively Ambitious and Gregarious Mercury

Ruler of the 1st:

Turner's Natal Chart (outer positions are twelfth-parts)
Turner’s Natal Chart (outer positions are twelfth-parts)

Jupiter is the ruler of the 1st, and is the sect benefic, in the 3rd of siblings, communications, journalism, current events, and transportation.  Jupiter naturally signifies a cheerful disposition, charisma, faith/positivity, and a desire to seek greater truth.  Jupiter is benefic, being naturally benefic, in sect, and dominated by Venus.   Jupiter is influenced by many planets, being very closely dominated by the Sun, closely dominated by Venus, closely overcome by the Moon by trine, overcome by Mercury by sextile, and overcome by Mars by trine.  Jupiter is also in the bound of Mars and the domicile and triplicity of Saturn, therefore, there is quite a bit going on with Jupiter, and most dominantly it is influenced by the Sun, then Mars, then Venus, in my opinion, bringing out a much more choleric or ambitious Jupiter with aesthetic dimensions.  Jupiter is not particularly strong in its own position (cadent, retreating), but is relevant to eminence through its close regard by the Lights, and its weakness is counter-acted by the strong advance of Mars and Saturn, its rulers, in the chart.  Overall, we expect a cheerful, gregarious, likeable personality, that is a bit heated and very geared toward power plays. He values style and sensuality, and is likely to have particular connection to matters of communications and/or journalism (the 3rd) in some way.

Mercury and the Dominant Planet:

Mercury is the dominant planet in the chart, both generally, and in terms of the person, as Mercury is strongly advancing towards the Ascendant in the 1st.  Mercury is in its bound and in the sign of Jupiter, reinforcing Mercury’s natural significations relating to news and communications.  Mercury is also the natural significator of business and commerce.  Mercury is out of sect, and very closely overcome by Mars, so Mercury can pertain to malefic significations, despite position in the very good 1st place.  However, the range with Mercury is great.  Negative significations with this Mercury in the 1st, very relevant to character, are tied to Mars in the 11th of friends and popularity, and so can pertain to a propensity for aggressive speech, words reflecting bad on one’s character or creating problems in friendships, and even a desires to deceive.  It’s most well-known manifestation in Turner’s life has been a propensity to put his foot in his mouth and to publicly make controversial statements, reflecting both a Jupiterian casual humor and a bit of Mercury’s more mischievous side. Mars makes the mind very keen, intense, and aggressive, and makes it difficult to turn off or control the mental and verbal chatter.

The Moon:

The Moon is out of sect, in the bound of Mars, co-present with Mars, and opposed by Saturn, therefore the Moon can signify very difficult matters.  The Moon is in the 11th, which is one of the most benefic places of the chart, and the Moon is naturally benefic so there is a range, but overall the Moon is somewhat torn between an overt hot ambition, particularly for popularity, achievement, and sensual pleasure, shown by the advancing Mars in the 11th and in the sign of Venus, and the weight of obstruction from Saturn with obligation, restrictions, and responsibilities.  The Moon, Mars, and Saturn are in some of the most benefic places in the chart though, the 11th and 5th, but we expect difficulties in mental extremes between surge and weight on a subconscious level, with a very open reactive choleric temperament of great restlessness.  Most problematic from the influence of the malefics may be matters of friends, children, romance, and personal leisure.

Conclusion: Mercury plays a huge role in characterizing Ted Turner as someone constantly involved in media, analysis, and business.  The role of Jupiter is also very strong, but both are also characterized across particularly choleric dimensions.  We expect someone who is fast-thinking and busy, curious, mischievous, and aggressively ambitious, particularly when it comes to opinions, commerce, and technology.  We expect and over-arching benefic sense to the personality of wanting to do good, help out, and expose truth, due to the important identification with JupiterThe combination of Jupiter and Mercury makes for a very gregarious and humorous personality overall, a mix of the sanguine and the choleric. Tendency to domineering speech through Mars overcoming Mercury and the sheer prominence of Mercury, but as it’s in a mutable sign ruled by a cadent retreating planet, there may be a tendency for more chatter than substance.