Tag Archives: venus

Quickies | Lana Del Rey

Lana Del Rey was born on June 21, 1985 at 2:46 am in New York City, with Venus rising in Taurus, the Moon in Leo, and the Sun in Gemini (chart is A rated for accuracy). In this quick look at her chart relative to traditional career indications and personality I will not be providing a biography or deep analysis of her life. You can find a bio on Wikipedia.

Lana Del Rey’s natal chart is picture below with the twelfth-part positions around the outside of the wheel.

 

Lana Del Rey - Natal Chart with Twelfth-Parts
Lana Del Rey – Natal Chart with Twelfth-Parts

Career

One of the more striking features of her chart, Venus is conjunct the Ascendant in Taurus within a degree.  You may recall from a past article series on the career significators (see here for the method from the first post in that series) that Mercury, Venus, and Mars are the most significant planets for career.  In this case, only Venus is in one of the places noted in that technique, while Mercury and Mars are both in the 3rd place, Cancer, the house of the Moon.  Venus is the most prominent planet in the chart, being in the 1st house and strongly advancing.  Venus also is the domicile and triplicity ruler of the 1st house, so there is a strong identification with matters that she symbolizes (the arts, aesthetics). Therefore, Venus is very strikingly the most significant planet for career matters, signifying an artistic pursuit.

Mercury is in phasis (i.e. Mercury departed from the beams of the Sun within 7 days of her birth), so Mercury is also very prominent. Additionally, Mercury rules the bound of the Ascendant (the Asc is at 13TAU which I realize is a bit unclear from the chart), Mercury is a triplicity ruler of the 10th house, Mercury is in its own bound, and Mercury is in the house of the sect light (the Moon). Mecury is also the domicile ruler of the Sun. All of this indicates that Mercury is prominent, and there is a strong identification with Mercury as well.

Mercury is in a tight aspect (under 3 degrees) with Venus, so these two planets have a strong relationship with each other in the chart and in relation to career. Mercury-Venus combinations with Venus dominant can signify musical careers (Venus is more prominent and is behind Mercury in the aspect so is more dominant in the relationship).

The Promise of Jupiter

Jupiter, Saturn, and the Moon are all in stakes of the chart, so can also be significant in relation to the career. Jupiter is particularly significant as it is in the 10th place, which is the one most pertinent to career-matters and it closely dominate Venus with its tight right-hand square, and rules Venus by bound.

In relation to Venus and the career, Jupiter promises a fortunate event to be timed to when it culminates at the MC by primary directions (click here for a summary of how to use primary directions).

Jupiter culminated at the MC by primary directions in 2007.

lana del ray - primary direction of jupiter

It was in 2007 that Lana Del Rey signed her first record contract.

Persona

The ruler of the 1st and Mercury are typically the most important planets to examine in relation to the personality. Someone who is famous may use a “stage persona” that is more linked with planets pertaining to the career and the lights (the Sun and Moon signifying things put more prominently on display). In Lana Del Rey’s case, Venus and Mercury are the most important career indicator planets, and the most significant planets in relation to personality, so there is a lot of overlap between herself and her stage persona. While she has described her persona as a sort of “gangster Nancy Sinatra”, which certainly implies plenty of theatrics, she has also discussed how autobiographical her music has been.

There is a notable dark side to most of her music, especially in the lyrics. Her Mercury is with Mars in the 3rd house, Cancer. Mercury with Mars puts that “gangster” edge of violence and crassness to her lyrics, set amidst the lunar Cancerian backdrop of subjectivity and old school dreamy sentimentality.  Additionally, her Venus is opposite Saturn, signifying the strong association of her image with coldness, control, darkness, sorrow, and even depravity.  Saturn is in the 7th, the place of partnership and marriage, so we see that weight expressed in terms of the burden of relationships, through both Saturn’s place (the 7th) and Saturn’s opposition to Venus.

Feel free to explore her chart further in the comments section.

Cover image attribution: By Jaguar MENA (Jaguar F-TYPE) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Planets | Venus in Picnic at Hanging Rock

I recently had the pleasure of seeing two of Peter Weir’s beautiful early films.  Weir is an Australian director who is probably best known today for “Dead Poet’s Society” and “The Truman Show”.  His film “The Last Wave” is an apocalyptic thriller involving aboriginal lore which I caught on the solstice.  That film didn’t grab my interest until halfway through but was much loved by its finale.  “The Last Wave” prompted me to watch “Picnic at Hanging Garden”, an earlier film of Weir’s.  The visually stunning images from the cover and booklet art particularly lured me in.  I was pleasantly surprised to find the film more and more to be an exploration of the Venusian mysteries.

The main events of the film take place on Valentine’s day, starting with beautiful girls in white flowing and lacy outfits preparing at the college, with valentines, poetry, romantic intrigue between two of the girls, and numerous object of beauty.  Most of them go on a trip to a million year old volcanic formation called Hanging Rock with their mannerisms and speech brimming with feminine mystery, intriguing two boys picnicking nearby.  The rock causes the watch to stop of one of their head mistresses, who believes it is due to magnetic disturbance.  Another lady, glancing at a book of Botticelli paintings (opened to Venus) says something strange about the main figure of intrigue, Miranda, calling her a “Botticelli angel”, while the three girls follow Miranda up and up the rock, until 3 of them are barefoot climbing higher and unresponsive to the heavy unattractive one of them who freaks out and screams running down from the rock.

That is where the mystery truly begins, as the girls in some sort of sexual excitement  trot up the rock and truly disappear.  I would rather not give away all the plot points, but needless to say there are other points of contact with Venus and much to be appreciated in this film.  The beauty, sensuality, romanticism, mystery, and incommensurability showcased in the film all lead me to conclude that it is one of the most Venusian pieces of cinema to have ever been made.  Those looking for a taste of the essence of Venus, look no further than “Picnic at Hanging Rock” and its Venusian savior, Miranda.

Biopic Shorts | David Lynch

Industrial Symphony No. 1 is a very ethereal musical play created by David Lynch with music by Angelo Badalamenti and singing by Julee Cruise, which was performed in 1989, after Wild At Heart and foreshadowing, musically and thematically, the Twin Peaks series. I missed it on its release to VHS in 1990 but it’s also been released in the Lime Green Box Set and a lower quality version floats around on YouTube, as seen below.

 

The Moon through a Loud Speaker

The irrational is pervasive in Lynch’s work.  Watching his films is akin to a swim through the sphere of Yesod on the kabbalistic tree of life.  It is of little wonder to find the Moon as the loudest and most influential planet in his life: the sect light (Lynch was born at night), above the horizon, and in a feminine sign (i.e. in haym); strongly advancing to culmination on the MC (conjunct MC within 2 degrees); in the place of the Good Daimon or Spirit (the 11th house; pertaining to mental, spiritual, and social benefit); in the place of Love (i.e. place occupied by the Lot of Love, one of the 4 principal lots, and actually within 2.5 degrees of the lot); with her twelfth-part in the most important place, the 1st House; with some testimony in the Ascendant (participating triplicity and regard by sextile) and regarding and ruling the lord of the Ascendant (Mars in Cancer); also conjunct the twelfth-part of Fortune. Some of these indications make the Moon more prominent in a general way in the life as a whole, as if her volume has been turned up and she influences all affairs, while other indications pertain more to identity and personal influence.

Lunar themes of vivid depths of subjective experience, the emotive instinctuality and irrationality of the natural world, and the affection of the familiar and habitual (i.e. sentimentality) are also very apparent in his life and work.  I am thinking particularly of his repeat use of familiar actors, the non-linearity of his work, the thematic grappling with the gap between the role we create for ourselves and the role we actually play, the complex and paradoxical subconscious evocations of rural life and the wilderness, and the influence of dreams, visions, coincidences, and spiritual experiences on our life events and states of mind.

His birth data is rated AA for accuracy and his chart is shown below with twelfth-parts and then with lots.

David Lynch Natal Chart with Twelfth-Parts
David Lynch Natal Chart with 4 Principal Lots

The Moon is in Virgo, a mutable sign, thus the Moon tends to express through transitory combination and interaction, as if between players, rather than having her primary mode of action through powerful changes (cardinal) or stable developments (fixed).  Virgo is an earth sign, evoking the land, tradition, and the body.  Virgo’s ruler, Mercury, is the messenger, and is in the 3rd House, the Joy of the Moon, herself a traveler, while Mercury delivers and communicates, adding a lot of movement, interaction, communication, and consultation to the prominent relationship between the Moon and Mercury.  Mercury is in phasis and is most directly influenced by Venus and the Sun, with which he is assembled in the third house, Capricorn; Venus pertaining to love and art; the Sun to influence and publicity.  This is especially so with Venus, as she is most closely assembled with Mercury and rules his bound (as well as being a triplicity lord of Capricorn).  The combination of Venus, Mercury, and the Sun in a place of connection and conveyance is evocative of many important professional aspects of Lynch’s life, from artistic direction of important projects to bold use of music. While the 3rd house is most directly benefic, being occupied by the sect benefic and dominated (right-side square) by Jupiter, Mercury’s applying opposition to both malefics, and rulership by the out of sect Saturn, in the House of God, lend an aura of foreboding ethereal terror over matters of Mercury, Venus, the Sun, and the 3rd House.

The Moon pertains to family and childhood, especially the mother, and the Virgoan Mercurial influence and prominence of the 3rd house fits with Lynch’s mother being an English tutor and his father and agricultural research scientist.  The prominence of the 3rd House, the Moon, mutability, and Mercury, all evoking travel and movement also fits with his experience of moving a half dozen times with his family as a child, and embarking on some formative trips as a young adult.  The land, tradition, the elderly, fear, and emotional or physical handicap are all very Saturnine themes evoked in his work, as in his chart, as supernaturally lurking in the shadows of, and contrasted with, human innocence.

Malefics in the Lunar House of God Tugging on Venus

When it comes to Lynch’s personality, the main indicators are the lord of the Ascendant (Mars), Mercury, and the Moon.  Mars is in sect and in a good place in the chart, but conjunct the out of sect malefic, Saturn, while strongly influenced by both benefics (benefics are in the stakes of Mars), and ruled by the very benefic Moon while in the bound of the benefic Jupiter.  The overall sense with Mars is of an ambitious nature and one which can be irritable and rebellious, but is heavily influenced by goodness (sect, good place, benefic influence), and yet touched by the dark, dreadful, or macabre (Saturn).  All in all, there is incredible complexity to the character because of all the planetary influences on the lord of the Ascendant.  Mars additionally occupies the 9th Place, the House of God, drawing Lynch to spiritual matters.

Spirituality itself is a complex and prominent matter in Lynch’s life.  On the one hand, their would seem to be much animosity toward religion given the strong association between spirituality and evil, signified by the presence of both malefics in the 9th, the retreat of Jupiter in the 12th house of the Evil Daimon or Evil Spirit, and the identification with rebellious Mars and intellectual Mercury.  However, there is an overwhelming prominence and personal investment in matters of spirituality, truth, belief, and dream in his life, symbolized by 5 of 7 planets occurring in the 9th and 3rd, including both Mars and Mercury, and with rulership of the 9th by the sect light, the Moon, despite their dark associations.  While Mercury is strong in some ways, it lacks the overwhelming pervasiveness of the more subjective and irrational lunar influence over the life.  Through twelfth-parts we also find the identification with the Moon and Venus, as their parts are in the Ascendant, and we find Jupiter, planet of faith and spirit, playing a more prominent role in career and administrative aspects of the life, being positioned in the 10th of actions and authority.

Fear-inducing (Saturn) and violent (Mars) spiritual entities (9th place) tended over by the irrational Moon, mistress of nature, night, and instinct, comes cropping up frequently in his work.  It is little wonder that the influence of the malefics figure prominently in his work, as they oppose and rule his Venus, the goddess of beauty, who rules over works of art.  Venus is in the 3rd House, the Joy of the Moon, in the nocturnal house of Saturn (Capricorn), in the bound of Mars, and with the Moon as the primary triplicity lord.  Her twelfth-part is in the 1st House, that of the self, in the nocturnal house of Mars (Scorpio), in the bound of Jupiter.  Venus is the primary planet pertaining to his aesthetic and it is fitting to find her dominated by subjective and spiritually-tinged maleficence (Mars and Saturn in the 9th, in the bound of Jupiter, ruled by the Moon) and irrationality (Venus in the Joy of the Moon, general pervasiveness of the Moon, Venus and Moon twelfth-parts co-present in the 1st of self and identity).  The 3rd house journey/transportation themes also occur frequently in Lynch’s work.  Wild At Heart, Lost Highway, and even The Straight Story are road movies, while main characters are often visiting outsiders.

Years

In my opinion, a pivotal year in Lynch’s life was 1966, when he moved to Philadelphia to attend an art school which held more promise than the last one, got his future wife pregnant, created his first short film (Six Men Getting Sick), and became acquainted with the fear of crime-ridden urban living.

He would have been Age 20 at the time, thus the annual profection would have been to his 9th House, Cancer, occupied by the malefics, Mars and Saturn, with the Moon as lord of the year, all key influential planets in the life and especially in terms of relationship and artistic matters (Venus).  Lunar years are typically quite varied and eventful, as the Moon is prominent and moves quickly.  In this case, the Moon herself profected to the 7th of partnership, ruled by Venus.  It was as if in this year Lynch stepped into the house of the Moon, finding Mars and Saturn there creating fear and violence, but with the Moon lording over things and guiding them, in terms of pregnancy, bonds, and the artistic promises of the 3rd house.

At the time of the solar return the Moon was in the 3rd house, conjunct natal Mercury, putting a spot-light on the work of that house.  Mars and Venus of the return were both in the 4th of home and family, while Saturn was in the 5th of children just as Saturn’s natal twelfth-part is, signalling weight and apprehension in the house of children.

Lynch’s Jan. 20, 1966 Solar Return Transits

The importance of a year in terms of one’s professional objectives is primarily seen through zodiacal releasing of Spirit.  In October of 1965 the 1st Level of Spirit’s releasing made its first transition from its starting period in Gemini to its new period in Cancer where it would stay until 1990.  This started off with a 2nd Level period also in Cancer until October 1967.  Therefore, both of the two main levels of Spirit’s releasing were to the 9th House, Cancer, ruled by the Moon, occupied by both malefics, and additionally activated at the Age 20 profection.

The activations by planetary year were also interesting.  Age 20 is most prominently a Mercury year, while also a year in which Venus-Jupiter (8+12) relationships come into play, such as his Jupiter in sign and bound of Venus and dominating her, signifying artistic benefit and children (both planets confer children, and both are the main rulers of the House of Children, the 5th, Pisces).

There were many other pivotal years in his career but 1990 stands out as particularly important and prolific.  He won the Palme d’Or at Cannes for Wild at Heart, Twin Peaks was hitting TV audiences, he released the Industrial Symphony No. 1, and his early paintings were in exhibition.  Interestingly, 1990 marked another profection to the 9th House, Cancer.  The Moon, lord of the year, was transiting through the 1st house of the Self at the time of the solar return, which was also a Venus return, as Venus was at 27 degrees Capricorn in the return, almost exactly conjunct her natal position at 26 Capricorn, strongly realizing Venus’s artistic birth promises.

David Lynch’s 1990 Solar Return Transits

When we look at the releasing of Spirit for 1990, we find that it marked the next major transition of the Level 1 releasing, from Cancer (the period which started in 1965) to Leo, the 10th house, ruled by the Sun.  Thus this next major transition in his professional life marked a new period, ruled by the Sun, which is with Venus in the 3rd, and emphasizing the 10th house of actions, honors, and authority.  It was as if Lynch had received his throne (the 10th and the Sun both pertaining to rulership/kings).

 

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Transit of Venus 2012 | A Ray of Hope for Gay Marriage in the U.S.A.

Earlier this month, on the 5th of June, there was a Transit of Venus over the Sun.  This once in a lifetime event involved being able to observe a comparatively tiny Venus pass in front of the body of the Sun.  Millions viewed this rare event personally, using equipment, or online through NASA’s webcast.

Many people have asked me what I believe the Transit of Venus signifies.  I mainly do ancient astrology, so the question is often, “what do ancient texts say about transits of Venus, or any planet, over the surface of the Sun?”.  Well, the truth is that I’m not aware of the texts saying much about the phenomena.  It is a type of “mundane” phenomena though, as in something that seems to have significance for general worldly events, such as political, spiritual/philosophical, and cultural changes.  It basically seems to be a suped up version of something called “Cazimi” or “in the heart of the Sun”, which is when a planet is within a degree from the Sun (later authors made it within 16′ of the Sun).

I do actually have some very strong opinions myself about what the Venus Transit means, and they tend to differ considerably from what I typically see ascribed to the transit in the astrological community.  While my interpretation of the transit as a phenomena is not lifted directly from any ancient source, my interpretation of it is completely based in ancient principles and doctrines of interpretation.

I believe that the Venus Transit of 2012 pertains very strongly to the issue of gay marriage, especially in the U.S., and that it bodes well for major progress in that area in the near future.

I base my interpretation of the Venus Transit on 4 main factors:

1. Venus – her natural significations

2. Cazimi – what it means to be empowered with the Sun

3. Venus-Mercury – the combination of these planets in partnership

4. 7th House for U.S. – for this year

Let’s discuss each one of these.

Venus

First, it should not be forgotten that the Transit of Venus is chiefly about Venus.  Her main significations pertain to sexuality, love, union, marriage, pleasure, art, aesthetics, music, femininity, liquids, perfumes, and fatty fruits.  Yet, it is not uncommon to see predictions that pertain to weird new age spiritual things, financial cycles, wars, etc. based on her transit, as if matters of art, music, pleasure, sex, marriage, and all that other enjoyable stuff is just too marginal for us to find significant.  I think this is quite misguided.  There is significant importance to changes in the way we perceive and create beauty, make love, trends in music and fashion and art, sensual openness, partnership customs, and so forth.  These are integral parts of human culture.

Therefore, when you think of the Venus transit, think of Venus, the goddess, and Aphrodite, and that something important is brewing in the world of pleasure, beauty, and partnership.

Cazimi

There is a distinction between a planet being strong when within a degree of the Sun as opposed to being weakened when under the Sun’s beams which first appears in Paulus Alexandrinus (4th century CE, in Ch. 14).  The distinction is actually lost in the Schmidt translation of Paulus but is correctly maintained in the Greenbaum translation.

The distinction was later described as akin to being in the heart of the Sun by Rhetorius (~7th century CE, in Ch. 1) who also further clarified that the planet was more powerful in its significations when in such a position.

Medieval Persian and Arabic astrologers drawing on Rhetorius and/or Paulus continued to use the concept.  In the Jewish Perisan astrologer Sahl’s “Fifty Judgments” (9th century CE) the concept still involved a degree and was one of strength versus the weakness of being under the beams (note: Sahl thought it good if a malefic were under the beams, because it would be weaker in its malefic significations – see Judgments 29 and 39). However, later in the Perso-Arabic medieval period the concept of cazimi changed from being within a degree of the Sun to being within 16′ of the Sun, which is about one solar radii in arc length as observed from earth.  al-Qabisi (10th century CE) even goes so far as to say it should be within 16′ by both longitude and latitude, which amounts to a planet either transiting in front of the Sun (as Venus recently did, and as must be the case by this definition when Mercury or Venus are cazimi) or behind it (as in the case of Mars, Jupiter, or Saturn).  Therefore, an actual Transit of Venus is Venus cazimi in the strictest, later sense, as used by al-Qabisi.  We might consider it a more powerful version of the foundational Hellenistic notion involving being within a degree of the Sun.

Early definitions refer to Venus being more powerful or strong, and to being in the heart of the Sun.  The Sun is the primary symbol of power, leadership, honors, and political office in ancient astrology, so this notion of greater power only when truly in the Sun’s “inner circle” becomes very naturally extended by the very famous Jewish scholar, astrologer, and traveling mystic, Abraham Ibn Ezra, in the 12th century who likened a planet in cazimi to one sitting on the throne with the king (Book of Wisdom, Ch. 8, #98).  While I don’t usually go beyond 1000CE, Ibn Ezra here gives a great descriptive analogy for cazimi which is consistent with both the prior notions of power and the natural significations of the Sun.

This is how I view the Venus transit too, as Venus assuming a role in leadership.  She has special consul with the major players, the game changers, and it is her time to wield some political power, bringing about things she’d like to see.

Venus-Mercury

I do a lot of research into the ancient astrology of sexual orientation.  It surprised me when I got into the Hellenistic and Persian material just how much material there was that pertained to sexual orientation.  It’s always puzzled me how weird some people get when discussing such literature too, as if it’s taboo to have a symbolic language that might be able to describe various expressions of sexuality.  The extent of such literature has actually put me in awe at the height of astrological achievement in the Hellenistic era, not least because these are good significations, which when used properly are quite informative in ways other systems of astrology had never been with this topic.

There are many indicators of homosexuality (and of various sorts of homosexuality and various sexual appetites) in the literature. However, it is not recommended that one try to delineate sexuality based on a few stray indications.  Some of the indications can mean many things, not just homosexuality.

This brings us to Venus-Mercury combinations.  Venus-Mercury combinations show up in many indicators of homosexuality in ancient astrology.  Interestingly, Venus-Mercury also pertains a great deal to theater, eloquent speech, and musical composition.  Remember that Mercury signifies commerce, language, and generally complex things with lots of “exchange”.  Hermes, the original astrological Mercury, was a god associated with hermaphrodites, and other such combinations of gender roles through his children.  Mercury basically complicates through admixture and exchange.  Venus with Mercury, brings in sexuality, partnership, and the arts, and thus is a natural and comfortable signifier for hermaphrodites, homosexuals, bisexuals, transvestite, transgender, and so forth.  These are but some of the more sexually-oriented significations.

It is interesting how they can bundle at times when Mercury-Venus is prominent and there are other similar indications with regards to sexuality, such that we may have more gay and transgender people attracted to the theater, musical composition, aesthetic science, and so forth.  They do not always bundle though.  I have Venus and Mercury co-present in the same sign and I’m heterosexual, though very attracted to the science of music and composition, as well as to poetry.

In any case, here are some indications about sexuality involving Venus-Mercury in a few texts:

Dorotheus (1st century CE, Carmen Astrologicum, Book II, Ch. 7 – repeated in Rhetorius and others):

  • Venus in a house of Mercury (i.e. Gemini or Virgo) while Mercury is in a bad place (i.e. the 12th, 6th, 8th, or 2nd) is an indication of homosexuality.
  • Lot of marriage (not Venus but Venus-like) with Mercury (Rhetorius has in a house of Mercury), with Mercury in a masculine (i.e. air or fire) sign in an angle (i.e. in the 1st, 10th, 7th, or 4th house), indicates homosexuality.

Abu’Ali (9th century CE, On the Judgements of Nativities):

  • Venus and Mercury in each other’s domiciles, or Venus and Mercury together in a domicile of Saturn, indicates homosexuality.

Abu Bakr (9th century CE, On Nativities):

  • Mercury and Venus together in the 7th house is an indication of homosexuality.

Umar al-Tabari (9th century CE, Three Books on Nativities):

  • Mercury as the almuten (planet with the most rulership) over many of the marriage points, including Venus, Moon, 7th, and lot of marriage, is an indication of homosexuality.

As you can see one of the indications of Venus-Mercury combinations on a sexual level is homosexuality, and possibly LGBT-ness in a general sense.  The Venus Transit involved Venus in Gemini, a house of Mercury, and with Mercury in that house.  Therefore, the cultural and political power wielded by Venus can pertain to poetry, music, artistic theory, but also to more complected forms of sexuality and partnership.  The joining of Venus to the Sun was in the bound of Venus as well, which is sort of like her own room in Gemini, thus it echoes back to more prototypical or core Venusian significations, especially of sexuality and partnership.

House of Marriage, For a Little While

Many people contend that the chart of the U.S. has Sagittarius rising.  If that were so, then Gemini would be the 7th house of the U.S. chart, and would have special relevance for marriage and partnership customs as they develop within the legal entity of that state.  However, the U.S. chart is something of a matter of debate.  Additionally, less stress was placed on the charts of the birth of political entities in the ancient world, then on temporary charts for those locations that pertained to varying measures of time.

The important mundane charts for periods of time that were discussed by Abu Ma’shar and al-Qabisi were of two main types, those of equinoxes/solstices and those of lunations/eclipses.  Most of the important charts are those of a Vernal Equinox preceding a great conjunction of Jupiter-Saturn.  These great conjunctions occur every 20 years, but certain ones are particularly important, such as the first such conjunction in a new triplicity (i.e. element) which carries significations that apply to major changes over about 240 years, and the first such conjunction in Aries which carries significations that apply to major changes over about 960 years.  You can read more about the hierarchy of these charts in my post on this matter.

What is particularly significant to us is that the chart signifying the major U.S. changes for 2012 has Sagittarius rising, and the exact Venus Transit to the center of the Sun from Washington, D.C. has Sagittarius rising.  This means that the Venus Transit has a particular relevance for state matters of marriage and partnership this year and that this significance was reinforced at the actual transit.

Transit of Venus from DC
Transit of Venus from DC
Vernal Equinox 2012 from DC
Vernal Equinox 2012 from DC

Given the occurrence of the Venus Transit in the 7th house of the year for the U.S., we are given a clear indication that such events in Gemini take on a particular relevance for marriage in the U.S.  Not only the Venus Transit but also the solar eclipse of May 20th, 2012 occurred in the sign of marriage for this year in the U.S.A.

Conclusion

Venus, planet of love, sexuality, partnership, and beauty, has attained some special power this year to affect the political scene.  She is particularly inclined to complected varieties, especially LGBT sexuality, and the place of her transit this year is the place where she has access to the marriage and partnership customs of the country.

On a side note, the Venus Transit took place conjunct the star Rigel, which is a star in the foot of the hunter Orion.  It is thought to have significance related to marching.  Time to get that pride march together!

Astrology of Porn Stars | 3. Ilona Staller

In this, the third post of the series, I’m going to keep things a bit briefer, looking at a chart that possesses a large number of the factors seen in the other two posts and one that is something of a more exaggerated case.  I recommend that the reader check out the first two posts of the series in order to get a feel for the important factors and configurations before continuing.  The first post, which you can read by clicking here, introduced some of the basics and discussed Traci Lords.  The second post, which you can read by clicking here, pertained to ex-prostitute and all-around sex guru Annie Sprinkle.  While it can be hard to obtain accurate times for porn star birth data, the previous two posts did deal with AA-rated birth data, as will this one.  I’ll be discussing Ilona Staller, who in addition to being in porn has, like Sprinkle, positioned herself as an icon of lustful sexuality.

Ilona Staller

Ilona Staller

Ilona Staller is a Hungarian-born porn star who came to fame in Italian porno.  She also was able to get elected to Italian parliament where she is famous for doing things like delivering speeches with a breast out and offering to have sex with Saddam Hussein for peace in the Middle East.  She has also had a brief musical career of explicit pop songs about sexual matters.  More biographical information about her is available from her Wikipedia entry. She was born on November 26, 1951 at 5am in Budapest, Hungary, and this birth information is Rodden-rated AA for accuracy.

Ilona Staller’s birth chart is pictured.  As far as I can recall, hers is the only chart I’ve examined with all 7 planets in dark or “bad” places of the chart.  Not pictured in the chart are her Lot of the Sun (Spirit) at 0 Libra, Lot of Women’s Marriage at 14 Scorpio, and Lot of Venus (Eros) at 22 Libra.

Here are some of the indications that she has which have been discussed in previous posts (with a couple new ones at the end):

  • Identification with Venus shown by Venus connecting with many personal points.  Here the Ascendant is in the bound of Venus and Venus is a triplicity lord of the Ascendant, while the sect light (the Moon) is in the bound and sign of Venus with 3 other planets and the Lots of Spirit and Eros in that same domicile of Venus (Libra), as well as Venus ruling the Descendant/7th and the Node being in the bound and exaltation of Venus.  Additionally, Venus is co-present with the sect light and Ascendant lord, and regards every planet in the chart.  We get the sense that Venus is important in understanding this person’s character.
  • Venus is in a dark or “bad” place, one that doesn’t regard the Ascendant.  Venus in the 12th or 6th has been particularly associated with lustful longing by Masha’allah, particularly when under the regard of both Mars and Jupiter, as she is here.
  • Venus is with Mars, and generally afflicted.  Venus-Mars connections were said to increase sexual passions, and a connection with Mercury, which is also present, can possibly connect notoriety to these passions.  Eros is also conjunct Mars very closely in a sign of Venus and in a bad place.
  • Lustful signs prominent, particularly among personal points.  Venus, the sect light (Moon), Ascendant lord (Mars), Descendant, Saturn, Jupiter, the Node, Spirit, and Eros are all in lustful signs.
  • Venus in a place of her own rulership (i.e. a place of her “dignity”).  Here Venus is in her own domicile.  As discussed in the last couple posts, sex workers tend to have Venus in a place of her own rulership, which perhaps makes her pertain even more to the prototypical Venusian concerns of sexual procreation.
  • Venus involved in the Moon’s motion.  Here the Moon is separating from Venus and applying to Mercury.  Any lunar separation or application involving Venus can bring in sexual themes, but especially when the Moon is waxing or very full of light (Moon is waning and slight here).  Maternus did associate this Moon of little light moving from Venus to Mercury with indecencies and “those who maintain the management and provision of exotic pleasures and delights” (Book 4, Ch. 2, #2, Holden trans., 2011, p. 197).  It’s unclear to me whether he intended these exotic pleasures and delights to have a sexual connotation or not.  It is clear that the lunar separation provides yet another personal link to Venus, however.
  • Finally, there is an honorable mention worth looking at in the chart, concerning the fixed star Alphecca, the principal star of the constellation Coronae Borealis.  It is at about 11 Scorpio.  Maternus identified this constellation rising as particularly pertaining to Venusian matters, including lustful sexuality, adulteries, etc. (Book 8, Ch. 11, #1, Holden trans., 2011, p. 487).  With her Ascendant at 9 Scorpio, we would expect Alphecca to be very close to the horizon, emphasizing the rising of this constellation at her birth.

Conclusion

Again, we are seeing patterns emerge in the charts of porn stars and the sexually notorious.  Having looked at only 3 charts, it is far too early to tell what works best and which indications are more suggestive vs. which are more boldly indicative, and/or if a confluence of factors is necessary for strong indication.  We are starting to see the wisdom and experience behind some of the weird proclamations regarding licentious lust found in ancient astrological works.  When gathering together such statements we find ourselves with the most effective starting points for developing our own approaches to delineating very particular natal topics.

 

References

Maternus, J. F. (2011). Mathesis. (J. H. Holden, Trans.). American Federation of Astrologers.

Astrology of Porn Stars | 2. Annie Sprinkle

Annie Sprinkle

In the second post of this series, I’d like to look at the chart of Annie Sprinkle, who has been involved in the lustful side of sexuality in more ways than one can count, from being a prostitute (for two decades), stripper, porn star, porn producer, etc.  She has really done it all and has positioned herself center stage as an icon of licentiousness, a “sacred prostitute”. You can read more about her biographical details in her Wikipedia entry.

As in the look at Traci Lords, I will be pulling out some factors in the chart that pertain to signification of licentiousness.  As the series progresses we’ll see certain trends and confluences of factors appear repeatedly as a common theme.  The reader is urged to first read the last post on this topic before proceeding, as I discuss some of the basics and give some warnings appropriate to this type of work.

Annie Sprinkle was born Ellen Steinberg on July 23rd, 1954 at 11:34am in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  Her birth information is Rodden-rated AA for accuracy and her natal chart is pictured here.

Annie Sprinkle Natal Chart

Not pictured in the chart are her Lot of the Sun (Spirit) at 28 degrees Sagittarius, Lot of Woman’s Marriage at 28 Scorpio, and Lot of Venus (Eros) at 20 Gemini.

Lustful Signs

The lustful signs are moderately represented, but some important points pertaining to self and relationships are in them.  The Sun, Moon, Ascendant, Descendant, and Node are in lustful signs.  The Moon seems particularly relevant in this sense as she is dispositor of many of the planets in the chart and is in a dark place while regarding most of the planets in the chart from the right side and opposition, including a superior trine to Venus and domination of the Sun.

Venus and Special Indications

Again, as in the chart of Traci Lords, we are dealing with a Libra rising chart, with Venus as Lord of the Ascendant and in a dark or “bad” place (i.e. one that doesn’t regard the Ascendant – 6th, 12th, 8th, and 2nd) while out of sect.  This identification with Venus and placement of Venus into a vulnerable place subject to corruption is noted by Masha’allah (On Nativities, Ch. 5, Dykes trans., 2008, p. 400) in relation to licentiousness (note: like most simple delineation statements, the following illustrates the principle with extremes rather than being a cookbook delineation, i.e. the principle is that Venus as lord of the Ascendant inclines to identification with Venusian things and that planets in bad places incline to the darker side of things while those in good places incline toward the more pleasant side of things):

If Venus were the Lady of the Ascendant, and in a good place, it designates him to be handsome and humble.  And if she were in a bad place, it designates he is hot [in desire] (and if were a woman, it designates her to be a prostitute).

Another passage by Masha’allah, but from the Book of Aristotle, and previously mentioned in the Traci Lords post, also holds in this chart, with Venus in the 12th, regarded by Mars and Jupiter:

Indeed for the appetite of longing and sexual impurity, consider the following.  For, Venus in a place of longing-namely the sixth or twelfth-under the regard of Jupiter and Mars, or if she would be lingering with the Lord of the Lot in the Midheaven, it defames the female spouse because of prostitution, hides an abortion, presents [her] for sale […]                (Masha’allah, Book of Aristotle, Dykes trans., 2009, Book III, Chapter 7, Section 8, p. 146)

Also, as in the chart of Traci Lords, we find that Annie Sprinkle’s Venus is in the bound of Venus.  While we may be tempted to draw some conclusions based on the position of Venus in her sign of fall, Virgo, as pertaining to ill-dignified Venusian behavior following the later medieval idea of “negative dignity” when a planet is in fall, this would lead us down the wrong path, as Venus is not only in her own bound here, but in her own bound and domicile in the chart of Traci Lords and in her exaltation in the chart of Jenna Jameson.  It may instead be the case that some deeper connection of Venus to prototypically Venusian matters of sexuality, as opposed to other manifestations of love and beauty, is important, and shown through Venus being in her own domicile, exaltation,  bound, or triplicity (but triplicity is more effective if first triplicity ruler, which Venus is here of Virgo by day).

In my own opinion, a form of rulership in its own place makes a planet more independent in action and less tied to other planets or encumbered by dependencies with them.  In that sense, a form of rulership in its own place can make a planet a little bit stronger, less restrained or forced to cooperate, but should never be interpreted as having effects that are in some sense more “dignified”, in the sense of admired, socially accepted, commended, honorable, or even as conferring greater success.  I’ve addressed this at length in prior posts on the issue, most succinctly in The Curious Case of Jeffrey Dahmer and Ted Turner, contrasting Dahmer’s 4 very positively “dignified” (in domicile) planets with Turner’s 4 planets in detriment and fall with none in domicile or exaltation, to illustrate the absurdity of identifying a planet in a form of rulership with the degree to which a planet signifies dignified matters in the life.

There is a substantial connection between Venus and Mercury in the chart, which are in a partile sextile and have most of the important planets of the chart under their rulership.  For instance, the Ascendant and the Moon are in domiciles of Venus but bounds of Mercury, while Venus is in the domicile of Mercury but her own bound, Mercury is in the bound of Venus, the Lot of Venus (Eros – at 20GEM) is in the domicile of Mercury and bound of Venus, MC in the bound of Venus, five planets in water or earth signs where Venus is the first triplicity lord.  Mars is the only planet in a “stake” of the position of Venus (i.e. in the 1st, 4th, 7th, or 10th sign from Venus – in this case square to Venus), and given the strong interchange between Mercury, Venus, and personal signification, we get a sense both for the passionate sexuality of Mars-Venus and the strangeness, “talk”, and notoriety that Mercury can bring to the mix.  The chart doesn’t fulfill the following statement by Ptolemy but the strength of the ties Venus has to Mars and Mercury reflect it:

Therefore Venus, with Mars, produces merely amorous dispositions, but if Mercury is present, notoriety also…      (Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, Book 4, Ch. 5, Robbins trans., 1940, p. 401)

Similarly, Rhetorius claimed, “Venus and Mercury and Mars aspecting each other will make lechers” (Compendium, Ch. 66, Holden trans., 2009, p. 121).  But this indication is so commonly occurring in natal charts as to be worthless predictively, beyond indicating the way that combinations of Venus, Mercury, and Mars can be indicative of mind/talk, passion, and sexuality getting mixed up in possibly scandalous ways.  With Venus in the 12th and all the back and forth between Mercury and Venus, we particularly get the sense of sex strongly on the mind and on the tongue.  Mercury in the 10th, strongly advancing on the MC, and strong due to stationing direct days prior to birth and being in phasis, along with being fortunate through being with Jupiter, all give strong indications of great career success through her words and mental personage.  She has indeed lectured on a wide variety of topics and claims to have a Ph.D. in human sexuality (I wasn’t able to confirm the validity of this claim).  In the following video she discusses her sexual history a bit and one gets a good sense of her style of sexual advocacy and openness.

Mercury in the bound of Venus is typically a good and pleasant thing, but it does associate Mercury with sexuality, and given that Venus is out of sect and in the 12th, the identification with Venus, and some of the other Mercury-Venus connections, we might expect that some of the more difficult indications of Mercury in the terms of Venus to come forth, as discussed by Julius Firmicus Maternus:

They will certainly be lustful in sexual intercourse, and those who corrupt the marriages of others with a depraved mental desire.  They will be full of moral faults, and those who are always battered with constant scandal because of these faults.    (Maternus, Mathesis, Book 5, Ch. 5, #6, Holden trans., 2011, p. 297)

With Venus moving more than twice as fast as Mercury at the time of birth, we may wonder whether the Moon is already invested in application to Venus in the chart, rather than Mercury at the time of birth.  Venus and Mercury are in partile sextile, and the Moon applies to both, to Venus with the stronger trine, but first to Mercury with the weaker sextile, so while technically the Moon is separating from Saturn and making her next application to Mercury, the application to Venus may be important as well.  I note this because Maternus noted the following among his indications for a waning Moon separating from Saturn and applying to Venus:

But if she was of little light, it denotes the depraved enticements of love affairs, or it makes [them] to be involved in impure and indecent passions, or it denotes disgraceful actions in continual succession.  (Maternus, Mathesis, Book 4, Ch. 3a, #7, Holden trans., 2011, p. 188)

This indication, like many above, bring out how many indications can be repeated when Venus has more malefic associations in the chart (such as Venus out of sect, in a dark place, and regarded by malefics and Mercury – in this case all three) and many important and personal factors connect with her by rulership, regard, and application, such as the Ascendant, Moon, strongest planet in the chart (Mercury in this case), and Descendant.

This chart and the chart of Traci Lords show a trend that we’ll continue to see, in which Venus in her own term, sign, exaltation, and/or triplicity is more likely to give indications directly pertaining to sexuality than a Venus that lacks such rulership in her own place.  I think there is a sense behind this in which Venus prototypically refers to the procreative nature, with her additional indications pertaining to beauty, art, and so forth being extensions of this.  Rulership in her own place could be said to increase her independence for better or worse, and strengthen her significations related to sex in the person’s life.

 

References

Bishr, S. ibn, & Masha’allah. (2008). Works of Sahl & Masha’allah. (B. N. Dykes, Trans.). Minneapolis, MN: The Cazimi Press.

Masha’allah, & al-Khayyat, A.  ’Ali. (2009). Persian Nativities I: Masha’allah and Abu  ’Ali. (B. N. Dykes, Trans.). Minneapolis, MN: The Cazimi Press.

Maternus, J. F. (2011). Mathesis. (J. H. Holden, Trans.). American Federation of Astrologers.

Ptolemy, C. (1940). Ptolemy: Tetrabiblos. (F. E. Robbins, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: Loeb Classical Library. Retrieved from http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Ptolemy/Tetrabiblos/home.html

Rhetorius of Egypt, & Teucer of Babylon. (2009). Rhetorius the Egyptian. (J. H. Holden, Trans.). Tempe, AZ: American Federation of Astrologers.

Astrology of Porn Stars | 1. Traci Lords

There is no specific “porn star” astrological signature, but certain sets of factors show up repeatedly when it comes to adult film stars.  This thread may be offensive to some, but many others wonder if ancient astrology has anything to say when it comes to those who become socially prominent through notorious sexual behavior quite contrary to social norms, such as porn stars and prostitutes.

First off, I should mention that there is a lack of good birth data for porn stars.  Typically we have nothing other than a date and a location.  There are only a handful of porn stars for which we have accurate birth times.  Therefore, in this series I’ll probably oscillate between stars with good birth data, where we can dive into the charts more thoroughly, and those without a time, where we’ll stick to a more superficial analysis.

Another note: Don’t take the indications that I find in some porn star charts and start delineating your friends and loved ones as fornicators with wanton lust based on stray indications.  Really.  Don’t.  Accurate prediction can be done but it’s very difficult.  Venus with Mars in the same sign, for instance, is a common occurrence, and wouldn’t be enough to judge someone’s sexuality on.  Think of astrology as a language, with any set of factors potentially indicating a large variety of experiences, many of which all at once as potentials in someone’s life, some more than others due to repeat factors, and some that really don’t even pertain very strongly to the natives themselves, but may describe other people or circumstances in their lives.

I draw really heavily on Persian astrology in this analysis, except that I stick with the basic astrological principles and techniques established in the Hellenistic period whenever they’ve been changed, and I have my own preferences for what works best from practice.  The reader interested in Persian techniques concerning sexuality is urged to check out the Persian Nativities series translated by Ben Dykes.  It is a series which translates 5 huge and pivotal Persian works on natal astrology, dealing with delineation and prediction on all life topics, into a 3 volume set.  Additionally, a reader desiring a firm foundation in basic ancient astrology is directed to check out the Hellenistic astrology course run by Chris Brennan , as well as Introductions to Traditional Astrology (a set of translations on basic astrology by Ben Dykes).

Basic Factors

When delineating sexuality, points of personal importance, such as the Ascendant and its lords, are pivotal, while the single most important factor is Venus. Often, I’ll just focus on Venus, but I summarize some important factors below :

  • Venus: Classical planet with the strongest natural significations pertaining to love, beauty, marriage, and sexuality.
  • Eros (Lot of Venus): This is the classic Hellenistic lot for Venus, which is found by taking the arc from Spirit (Lot of the Sun) to Venus by day (Venus to Spirit by night) and projecting that from the Ascendant.
  • 7th Place: The 7th House, i.e. the 7th sign counted inclusively from the Ascendant, is the one that pertains to marriages, unions, and partnerships.  It also has some pertinence to sexuality.
  • (Possibly) Lot of Marriage: There are a few different lots of marriage in ancient astrological works, but the Persians seem to have preferred Saturn to Venus from Asc for men (by day, reversed by night) and Venus to Saturn from Asc for women (by day, reversed by night).  These lots were used in marriage delineation, and occasionally in delineation of sexuality.
  • (Possibly) 5th Place: The 5th House doesn’t seem to be used much in my sources, but many ancient astrologers did associate the 5th with love, romance, sexuality, and all things Venus – it was associated more with children than partnership though.

Traci Lords

Traci Lords has certainly faced many challenges related to sexuality in her life.  She was raped at 10, molested in her teens by a drug-dealer boyfriend of her mother’s. Her molester also got her into porn when she was just a teenager, with her illegally appearing in dozens of movies at 16 years of age.  She was eventually busted, but did a little more pornography when of age. Later she claimed that she was in porn solely for drugs (though this is disputed by some insiders).  She achieved stardom through her porn notoriety, but was able to transition in later years to acting for television and B movies.  You can read some biographical info about her at Wikipedia. Besides acting, she has been involved in the arts in other ways as well, including work in music.

I remember her as Wanda, in John Water’s 1990 film, Cry Baby (starring Johnny Depp).

Her chart is below, based on AA-rated birth data of May 7, 1968 at 5:19pm in Steubenville, OH.

Traci Lords Natal Chart (12th parts along outer edge)
Traci Lords Natal Chart (12th parts along outer edge)

 

Analysis

One of the first things we should note in the chart is that Venus rules the Ascending Sign, the 1st Place, Libra, and that Venus is in Taurus, another sign of Venus, and the bound of Venus, while the sect light, the Sun, is also in Taurus with Venus (and Moon, Descendant, Fortune, and Spirit are also in bounds of Venus).   We get the sense that there is a strong personal identification with Venus, and her natural significations of art, beauty, aesthetics, and sexuality.

For reference, the positions of the relative lots are Lot of Venus (Eros) at about 1 Virgo and the Lot of Marriage at 25 Virgo, both with the Moon in the 12th and ruled by Mercury, which is conjunct Mars within 3 degrees – though I will not analyze the lots in detail in this post.

Venus: she’s out of sect, in a dark place (8th) and a place that is particularly relevant in terms of fear and violation in power situations, while also with the out of sect malefic Mars.  From this we gather that this Venus can signify pretty far along malefic dimension, i.e. that the significations of Venus will often pertain to difficulties, challenges, adversity, and circumstances arising where there seems to be something of a disregard for the person’s well-being and peace of mind. Because Venus rules the Ascendant, she will also tend to direct the person, be representative of the person’s self-identification in some ways.

Lustful Signs: In a previous post I discussed the lustful signs.  They are abundantly represented in her chart.  Five of the seven planets and the Ascendant and Descendant are in lustful signs, and this includes Venus, the ruler of the Ascendant (again, Venus), ruler of Fortune and exalted ruler of the Ascendant (Saturn), and ruler of the Descendant (Mars).

Special Indications: There are many special indications or groups of indications in the chart that are discussed by various ancient authors in connection to controversy, adversity, and notoriety related to sexuality that are present in the chart.  The following are found in the chart of Traci Lords.

If Venus is in one of the signs of desire, which abound in lust (they are Aries, Capricorn, Pisces, and Taurus), and Venus is under the [Sun’s] rays with Saturn or Mars, then this indicates [something] like what I told you of the act of scandals […]             (Dorotheus, Pingree trans., 2005, Book II, Ch. 7, p. 206)

Masha’allah appears to associate the 12th and 6th places with being places of longing when Venus occupies one, and one may wonder if the 8th should also be included in this matter.  Interestingly, it is the regard of both Jupiter and Mars while Venus is in such a place that is mentioned:

Indeed for the appetite of longing and sexual impurity, consider the following.  For, Venus in a place of longing-namely the sixth or twelfth-under the regard of Jupiter and Mars, or if she would be lingering with the Lord of the Lot in the Midheaven, it defames the female spouse because of prostitution, hides an abortion, presents [her] for sale […]                (Masha’allah, Book of Aristotle, Dykes trans., 2009, Book III, Chapter 7, Section 8, p. 146)

Masha’allah also associated connections between Venus and Mars with increased sexual longing, as did Abu’Ali (among many others):

Moreover, Venus with Mars or in his bound, or under his regard from the opposition, advances sexual impurity and longing; indeed under a male birth it will be thus.             (Masha’allah, Book of Aristotle, Dykes trans., 2009, Book III, Chapter 7, Section 8, p. 146)

Venus, if she were joined to Mars or in his bad aspect, signifies the foulness of wantonness.         (Abu’Ali, On the Judgments of Nativities, Dykes trans., 2009, Ch. 26, p. 285)

Additionally, Masha’allah and Abu’Ali (among others) associated sexual indicators being oriental (i.e. rising before the Sun) as pertaining to more initiating and less restrained facets of Venus (the second passage appears to pertain to in a man’s chart in relation to delineating his love life in marriage):

Their orientality increases it greatly, on the contrary [their] occidentality restrains; but the regard of the Sun reveals sexual impurity.      (Masha’allah, Book of Aristotle, Dykes trans., 2009, Book III, Chapter 7, Section 8, p. 146)

And if Venus were oriental, it signifies the boldness of the woman over the man, with a multitude of love and joy.      (Abu’Ali, On the Judgments of Nativities, Dykes trans., 2009, Ch. 26, p. 286)

There are some additional passages in Masha’allah’s Book of Aristotle, and in other Hellenistic and Persian works, which I won’t be getting into.

Conclusion

As one can see the delineation of sexuality in ancient astrology involves a rich vocabulary, with the potential for very complex delineation, and that the primary stress was upon Venus, the natural significator of sexuality, rather than upon the accidental significations of a particular House of the chart.  The existing literature on sexuality addresses many facets of sexuality from compatibility to homosexuality, and from various types of sexual scandal to fidelity in marriage.  The rich set of factors in the traditional astrology, going beyond just “signs” to include, for example, Houses, planetary regards, side of the Sun (oriental/occidental), and Lots, has the capacity to bring much deeper levels of delineation, with existing literature serving as starting points for practical usage, rather than be-all-end-all dogmatic proclamations.

It is my hope that the reader will start looking at the chart from a different perspective, in ways ancient Hellenistic and Persian astrologers would view things, where natural significations, whole sign places, whole sign regards, orientality, sect, aversion to the Ascendant, and such things take on a great deal of meaning and reveal nuances of expression, leading us away from an overly Modern planet-in-sign approach or a stagnant late Traditionalist dignity-pointing approach to reading the chart.    Have fun!

References

Masha’allah, & al-Khayyat, A.  ’Ali. (2009). Persian Nativities I: Masha’allah and Abu  ’Ali. (B. N. Dykes, Trans.). Minneapolis, MN: The Cazimi Press.
Sidon, D. of. (2005). Carmen Astrologicum. (D. Pingree, Trans.). Abingdon, MD: Astrology Center of America.